A high arched foot can also cause ankle sprains, leg pain and back pain due the position of the heel (varus), and poor shock absorption of the foot/ankle complex. According to Dr. Manoli, rigid molded orthotics are not indicated for patients with cavus feet, as they tend to aggravate the condition, and reduce shock absorption, causing foot stiffness and stress related metatarsal fractures. The addition of an elevated cushioned heel, improves shock absorption during heel strike, and accommodates patients with tight calf musculature, a common side effect of a Cavus foot type. A bunion is a protuberance of bone or tissue around the joint. The enlargement occurs either at the base of the great toe or on the outside of the foot, at the base of the little toe where it is called a “bunionette” or “tailor’s bunion.” Another type of bunion which some individuals experience is called a Tailor’s Bunion, also known as a Bunionette. This forms on the outside of the foot towards the joint at the little toe. It is a smaller bump that forms due to the little toe moving inwards, towards the big toe. In most cases, your doctor can diagnose a bunion just by examining your foot. During this exam, you will be asked to move your big toe up and down to see if you can move it as much as you should be able to. The doctor also will look for signs of redness and swelling and ask if the area is painful. Your doctor may want to order X-rays of the foot to check for other causes of pain, to determine whether there is significant arthritis and to see if the bones are aligned properly. Expected Duration In addition to providing relief for painful foot problems or an injury, those who may benefit from orthotics include people who must walk or stand excessively on the job. For those who are active in sports, orthotics will commonly improve endurance, performance and strength. For overweight individuals, orthotics can help to counteract the extra stress on the feet, as minor problems are ordinarily magnified due to the increased weight. This race in high heels is brought to you thanks to the generous support of your local podiatrists and physical therapy association. Every participant gets a free consult and shot of painkiller following the race. After a long day at work what is nicer than coming home and soaking your feet in some warm soapy water or maybe even in a foot spa. It is recommended that you soak your feet for no longer than 10 minutes. This is to prevent your skin from drying out excessively. Then pat your feet dry and massage some foot lotion into them. This will make your entire body feel relaxed and is a great way to re-energize after a hard day. A bunion is when your big toe points toward the second toe. This causes a bump on the inside edge of your toe. Bunions are a condition in which the joint at the base of the big toe becomes enlarged. Many times bunions are caused by flat feet, and faulty foot structure. As such you may see bunions more prevalent in one family tree as opposed to another. With the natural structure of the foot many times being the root cause, providing but temporary relief from the pain via padding, supports, shoe inserts and or medications are the only options short of surgery. Bunions are treated effectively both surgically and non-surgically. Nonsurgical treatments include changes in shoes, custom shoe inserts or orthotics, physical therapy, corticosteroid injections, and topical and oral pain relievers. Early treatment of bunions is centered on providing symptomatic relief. Switching to a shoe with a rounder, deeper toe box and made of a softer more pliable leather will often provide immediate relief. The use of pads and cushions to reduce the pressure over the bone can also be helpful for mild bunion deformities. Functional foot orthotics, by controlling abnormal pronation, reduces the deforming forces leading to bunions in the first place. These may help reduce pain in mild bunion deformities and slow the progression of the deformity. When these conservative measures fail to provided adequate relief, surgical correction is indicated. There are a variety of ways to treat warts. The over-the-counter medications have a difficult time penetrating the thick skin on the bottom of the foot, so they do not work well in this area. Professional treatment consists of burning the wart with topical acids, freezing with liquid nitrogen, laser surgery or cutting them out. All methods have the possibility of the wart coming back. Surgical excision of the wart has the highest success rate with a relatively low rate of recurrence. There is some mild discomfort with this procedure and it takes several weeks for the area to completely heal.